Friday, May 22, 2020

Ethics in the Workplace - 1201 Words

Ethics in the Workplace Classical and Contemporary Ethical Philosophies Ethical philosophies served as guide for people in the workplace to make moral decisions in conducting business. There are classical normative ethical philosophies as well as contemporary ethical philosophies being used. They have been applied in the different levels or dimensions of the business organizations. People do know that there are business organizations that have disregarded ethical standards and encounters ethical issues inside their company. There are times that ethical standards or norms have to be set aside to achieve something worthwhile for the company. Lately, businesses recognize the importance of ethics to help establish the integrity of the†¦show more content†¦Business adapt ethical theories that can satisfy their needs or in the context of the situation. Some theories do strictly adhere to the laws of morality and that a business should stop their operations once they are found to violate rules of conduct. Dimensions of Business Relationship Business organizations are composed of different and complex relationships of people involve in the entire process. Business ethics do covers wide areas of concerns like corporate compliance, social responsibility, reputation management, fair labor practices, accurate accounting and audits and even environmental stewardship. It has something to do on how the company handles and deals with all the stakeholders involve like the clients, employees, shareholders, suppliers and the community (Business Ethics Primer, 2005). There are many responsibilities and people involve. Businesses differ from one another in how they value the dimensions of business relationship. Analytical and problem solving skills are important to resolve ethical dilemmas involve in the business. Employer to Employee Common ethical issues that arise between employers and the employees include issue on wages and company benefits, gender issues, disparagement, cultural diversity, layoff decisions, fair labor practices, work standards and conditions and other more. How would the employers resolve these kinds of problems? Is it right for the employers to give in to every need of hisShow MoreRelatedEthics : Ethics And The Workplace1407 Words   |  6 PagesIn this day in age ethics is a big part of businesses. An Ethical employee tends to make decisions in the best interest of their employers, co-workers, and also outside companies other than themselves. This being said I will be discussing how ethics and communication can help and benefit you in the workplace and how it can build relationships with employees, what companies look for in their workplace using ethic also some statistics of how ethics benefits the workplace, and a few cons businessesRead MoreEthics And Ethics Of The Workplace1014 Words   |  5 PagesEthics in the Workplace What is Ethics and why is it an important part of the workplace? Ethics or moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. (Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia) Decisions taken within an organization may be made by person or groups, but whoever makes them will be influenced by the culture of the company. A decision to behave ethically is a moral. Employees need to decide what they thinkRead MoreWorkplace Ethics1046 Words   |  5 PagesWorkplace Ethics: Unprofessional Conduct BUS 309 Business Ethics Professor: Keith Graves August 23, 2013 Today, there seems to a big misconception of what professionalism means in and out the workplace. Many people go to work just to earn a living and that is fine however, when you hold a position of stature or prestige there are certain elements you must value to the profession as a teacher. â€Å"Professional teacher† refers to the status of a person who is paid to teach. They are supposedRead MoreEthics in the Workplace1223 Words   |  5 PagesGood ethics is essential in the workplace to have a good, working environment. Many companies now enforce ethics training, in hopes that the good ethics will rise above bad ethics. But in too many cases that does not happen. It is important to enforce good ethics in the workplace so that trust may be a result. Employers must be able to build trust around their employees and visa versa. Employees must also be able to trust fellow employees. When bad ethics are being displayed by an individualRead MoreWorkplace Ethics1008 Words   |  5 Pages Assignment 2: Workplace Ethics Danielle Davis Professor Kenneth A. Pino BUS 309: Business Ethics Abstract Regardless of your occupation, employees have the right to privacy. Case 9.1: Unprofessional Conduct shows how Pettit privacy was violated. Pettit was a teacher of many years and never had a bad evaluation of her work. What she did outside of work was labeled unprofessional by the Board of Education and they chose to fire her because they believed she was unfit to teach. I disagree withRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Workplace923 Words   |  4 Pagesis aimed at providing the larger audience an overview of the ethics of the workplace related to the issues of ownership, privacy and monitoring in a working environment. There are practical examples to demonstrate how ethics play an important role in working environments related to information privacy but still there is less consensus on uniquely identifying specific ethical issues. Employees at different organization may define ethics from their own perspective which makes it difficult to implementRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Workplace15 54 Words   |  7 Pages Ethics in the Workplace We as individuals come across situations in our daily lives that force us to make decisions that we may always agree with morally as well as decisions that may push our moral compasses to their limits. If you are a working professional no matter what the field, these decisions can come with big ramifications, good or bad. I have come to find that with every individual there comes a different set of beliefs, attitude, boundaries and ethical views. We do not all share theRead MoreEthics in the Workplace2413 Words   |  10 PagesEthics in the Workplace – Sears Auto Center Ethics in the workplace and sometimes the lack thereof can significantly influence the success of an organization. Effective leaders often approach ethical dilemmas by identifying alternative actions and their consequences on stakeholders. The aftermath of the disasters caused by Enron, WorldCom, and other businesses, once prominent companies, resulted in a significant loss of confidence in business leader’s conduct. Organizations in today’s highly competitiveRead MoreEthics In The Workplace Essay1713 Words   |  7 PagesEthics in the Workplace What is ethics? Is ethics an ability that grows in us from a child or does our parents teaches us ethics? According to, states that the word ethics means, the code of good conducts for an individual or group. Ethics also means, simply stated, that ethics refers to standards of behavior that tell us how human beings ought to act in the many situations in which they find themselves-as friends, parents, children, citizens, businesspeople, teachers, professionalsRead MoreImportance Of Ethics In The Workplace1572 Words   |  7 PagesThe Importance of Ethics in the Workplace In their personal and professional lives, people can and, unfortunately, sometimes do go against their moral and ethical standards. Ethical standards are what it means to be a good person, the social rules that govern our behavior. Ethics in business is essentially the study of what constitutes the right and wrong or the good or bad behavior in the workplace environment. A business is an organization whose objective is to provide goods or services for profit

Friday, May 8, 2020

Christs Love for the Church - 675 Words

Christ’s Love for the Church Sometimes following God is easy, but not the case of Hosea and Gomer in their not-so-fairytale romance, we see that following God’s plan for our life works out in the end. The story of Hosea and Gomer was beautiful and lovely but also quirky. This story is located in the book of Hosea in the Old Testament of the Bible. If your spouse were to cheat on you with multiple partners would you stay with them? Most people would say no and that they would leave, but is this the case with Hosea and Gomer? â€Å"For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.† (John 3:16 NIV). Some consider John 3:16 as the theme verse for the entire Bible. (What Does John 3:16 Mean? 1). This tells us that God loves us unconditionally and knows that we sin, but he still loves us. HOSEA AND GOMER Hosea is responsible and successful. In this book, Hosea was an obedient and faithful prophet of God, and he was responsible and followed all of the orders that were presented to him. With every order given to him, he did not fail. Gomer is irresponsible and unclean. Gomer was a woman that was very unclean and irresponsible. She was with many men and was not looking for love. Gomer is content with the life she lives. Gomer was always perfectly content with her life style and never thought about changing it. HOSEA AND GOMER FALL IN LOVE God gives Hosea a task. One day Hosea tells God that he isShow MoreRelatedPauls View On The Church1480 Words   |  6 PagesTHEOLOGY ON THE CHURCH __________________ A Paper Presented to Dr. Presley Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary __________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for NTS 3213 __________________ by Jin Hyun July 27, 2015 PAULS VIEW ON THE CHURCH Apostle Paul is one of the most beloved follower and author of 14 books in the New Testament. One of the most prominent teachings of Paul is regarding on the subject of the church. Not only did he write letters to church but in manyRead MoreSatan s Location And Physical Attributes1096 Words   |  5 Pagesbecomes mocked. Dante Alighieri utilizes Lucifer’s characterization to illuminate the force of God’s divine power in The Divine Comedy. Before exploring the relationship between Lucifer’s location and Jesus Christ’s tomb, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, I will first explain how the church is relative to the Divine Comedy despite its Christian Orthodox origin. During the first crusade, a Florentine noble named Pazzino de’ Pazzi â€Å"scaled the walls of Jerusalem† and was awarded pieces from the HolyRead MoreSince the early days of the Church, Christians have honored Mary, the mother of Christ, for her1200 Words   |  5 PagesSince the early days of the Church, Christians have honored Mary, the mother of Christ, for her important role in the history of salvation. While Mary no longer walks the face of the earth as she once did in Nazareth, Mary continues to give unwavering assistance to the Church, the bride of her Son, in both times of strength and suffering. As the Church continues to move forward in her pilgrimage of faith, the Blessed Mother, through her maternal role, actively hel ps the Church along this journey throughRead MoreIs Sunday the Sabbath? Essay980 Words   |  4 Pageskeeping. Constantine moved his capital from Rome to Constantinople and prepared the way for the Roman Catholic Popes to reign in Rome. As the Papal Church grew in power, it opposed Sabbath observance in favor of Sunday sacredness and made the day change official in the Council of Laodicea. Constantines law had now been fully integrated into the Papal Church and the Sabbath was changed from Saturday to Sunday. (Pohlsander 55) God predicted that this would happen, and it did. This error was passed ontoRead MoreThe Doctrine Of The Lord s Supper1597 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or the Eucharist, is one of three sacraments that are recognized in the Evangelical church. Through the sacraments Christians are brought closer to God through the work of the Holy Spirit. There have been several views of the Lord’s Supper throughout church history including: transubstantiation, consubstantiation, the symbolic nature of the Eucharist, and the most commonly accepted view of the Lord’s Supper today. Even today, the Lord’s Supper, orRead MoreThe Eucharist839 Words   |  4 Pagesbranches of the English Church believe that this bread and wine are transformed into the literal blood and body of Christ, others believe that it is a simple expression of faith. It is considered to be the very essence of love that binds us to the savior; and it is this teaching of love that inspires the Catholic view on social justice. Social justice spreads love to all humankind, via fighting for equality and respect for all man. The Eucharist is the symbolism of this love, and it is the conceptRead MoreThe Eternal Identity : Christ Jesus You Are All Children Of God Through Faith893 Words   |  4 Pages The exalted identity, as God’s beloved, revealed at Christ’s baptism is the starting point for all that he would undertake—his self-giving ministry, death, and resurrection. It began with his baptism. The gospel of Mark opens with the baptism of Christ. Matthew and Luke spend a bit of time on the infancy, then jump to the baptism. John describes the alpha and omega and then goes tot eh baptism. Jesus did not need baptism for forgiveness of sins, but he wanted to be like us, and to show us how toRead MoreAre Mormons Christians? Essay example1191 Words   |  5 Pagesday. Christ is the basis of many churches, including the Mormon Church. Actually, â€Å"Mormon† is just a nickname for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. (Another nickname is the acronym LDS) A cursory glance at the church’s full name contains Christ’s name. By the very name of their church, members state their belief in Christ. All Christian denominations claim The Holy Bible to be the word of God, testifying of Christ’s ministry. Mormons embrace the Bible, just as others do. In additionRead MoreEssay on Christian Marriage1487 Words   |  6 PagesChristian Marriage Introduction and background. Christian Marriage, also called Matrimony is a sacrament in which a man and a woman publicly declare their love and fidelity in front of witnesses, a priest or minister and God. The It is seen by all Christian churches as both a physical and spiritual fulfillment. Christianity emphasises that the sacrament of Holy Matrimony is a lifetime commitment. So they are no longer two, but one. Therefore, what God has joined together, let no one separateRead MoreNotes On Experiences With Scripture918 Words   |  4 Pagesexists and loves me. The scriptures are the way we find the divinity of Christ, the good message of the gospel, and the ability to find direct revelation from past prophets and missionaries. Partially throughout my mission, I relied on the scriptures to lead and guide my teachings in the way the savior wanted his message portrayed. The ultimate message that Latter-Day Saints share with foreign lands, peoples, cultures, and socioeconomic groups is the message of redemption and grace; Christ’s grace and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hmong Culture Free Essays

Prior to writing this research paper on the Hmong culture, I did not know anything about their history or beliefs. The only time I had heard of Hmong people was in the movie â€Å"Gran Torino. † The movie revolves around a Hmong family living in Michigan and the cultural stereotypes and discrimination they face each day. We will write a custom essay sample on Hmong Culture or any similar topic only for you Order Now After reading a few chapters in Anne Fadiman’s The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down, I felt it was necessary to take a further look into the Hmong culture for a better understanding of their way of life. I. Hmong migration from China to various Southeast Asian countries The Hmong have not had the easiest or most simple life. After reading many different sources reporting their history, I couldn’t believe how many times they were forced to relocate. The Hmong originated as a culturally unique group from Asia. Their original homeland was Central Siberia which was where most of them lived. The first time the Hmong were forced out of their homeland was in 2500 B. C. The Chinese and other Asian groups conquered Central Siberia and forced its people to flee south into northern China (Moua). Because of this, they resettled and started a new civilization on the banks of the Yellow River. Fortunately, their civilization was prosperous and successful until history repeated itself and the Han Chinese attacked them again for their fertile land along the Yellow River. The Hmong were faced with a decision to either fight or flee. They decided to fight for their land through a series of warfare but were outnumbered and therefore lost their land as well as many men. Consequently, the Hmong were forced to flee yet again. This time, they settled in the southern parts of China in today’s provinces known as Hepeh, Hunan, and Hubei (Xiong). â€Å"There are approximately 8 to 12 million Hmong still living in this region of China† (Quincy, 1988). Throughout history, the Hmong people continued to face hardship. During the Qing Dynasty, three major wars pushed hundreds of thousands of Hmong even further into the Southeast Asian countries of Laos, Burma, Thailand, and Vietnam. The first war erupted in 1735, the second in 1795, and the third, the largest and longest in 1854-1873 (Xiong). II. Hmong migration to the USA In the early 1960’s during the Vietnam War, the Hmong in Laos were recruited and trained by the United States Central Intelligence Agency to assist the United States as a secret guerrilla force army. The Hmong fought directly against the North Vietnamese and Lao Communists. That same year, the American forces pulled out of Vietnam and in result, the Lao Communists came to power in Laos. The Hmong were forced to flee yet again. â€Å"As a result, hundreds of thousands of Hmong escaped the genocide of the Lao Communist Government. This time they settled in France, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, West Germany, the United States, and even Argentina as political refugees in order to continue their peaceful way of life. Statistically, the majority of the Hmong refugees (about 200,000) settled and restarted their new lives in the United States† (Teng Moua’s personal record, 1999). The states with the largest number of Hmong immigrants are California, Minnesota, and Wisconsin (Yau). III. Hmong religion The Hmong are a very spiritual group of people. They are animist/pantheist which means that they believe in a variety of natural and supernatural forces. Their world is inhabited by spirits and gods and they believe that their spiritual world has the capability to coexist with their physical world. Some of these spirits that influence their human life are ancestral, household, natural, and evil. If there is contact with a supernatural spirit, the Hmong believe that their life will be affected, either positively or negatively. Ritual ceremonies are performed to please ancestral spirits. If the spirits are pleased, they will protect the believer’s descendents from illness and natural disasters. To maintain communication with the spiritual world, the Hmong refer to the shaman, who is a healing practitioner who acts as an intermediary between the spirit and physical world. The shaman is the main communicator chosen by the spirits and performs the rituals (Tapp). â€Å"While there is no standardization in Hmong religious rituals and practices, Hmong rituals usually revolve around the practices that their ancestors passed onto them. Clan and lineage variations also are prevalent between and within individual clans as practices are traditional passed down from generation to generation through oral tradition† (Hmong Cultural and Resource Center of Minnesota). Hmong also believe in afterlife. With the guidance from Hmong musical performers during the rituals, the souls of the deceased will come back to their ancestors for reincarnation. IV. Hmong education and language Many Hmong have had no formal education. In Laos, public schooling was limited and in some areas, completely unavailable. Even after Laos achieved independence, ethnic minorities such as Hmong were still denied schooling. It was not until 1939 that the first village school was built. Even then, only students from the wealthiest class were admitted. Once the Hmong arrived in the United States where they were free people, education has become a main priority. The Hmong have their own language, called Hmoob (Hmong in English). It braches into two main dialects: White Hmong and Blue (or Green) Hmong. The colors represent the colors used in traditional clothing of the different groups in the different regions of China. The Hmong language is one of a group of closely related languages of Southeast Asia and Southern China often referred to as the Miao-Yao languages. Besides being spoken by Hmong people in Laos, Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam, the Hmong language is widely spoken by the Miao minority in Southern China. The Hmong language is also related to the Yao languages which include Iu Mien, spoken in Laos an d Thailand as well as China, and five other languages spoken by minority groups in the larger region† (Vang). Because of the lack of education, for many centuries, the Hmong language was only an oral type of communication. There was no alphabet system, no written texts, and no literacy system. Culture and learning was passed down from one generation to the next from memory. Elders had the most knowledge, memories, skills, and abilities. Older Hmong residing in the United States often do not speak English and, because of the recent development of the written Hmong language in the 1950s, may be illiterate in the Hmong language (Helsel, 1993; Queensland Health, 2004; U. S. Census Bureau, 2000). Young Hmong may be literate in English, but may not be able to read Hmong or Lao, though there is an effort in the Hmong community to teach young people to speak and read their traditional language (Lipson et al. , 1996). V. Hmong beliefs about illness and curing individuals Hmong believe that an illness is caused when one’s soul is lost, captured by evil spirits, or by having offended an ancestral spirit. The shaman will discuss with ancestral spirits who may have been offended by the ill person and see what the spirits want to ask from the living. Shamans may bargain and struggle with wild spirits who have capture the patient’s soul or locate the lost soul and force it back into its body. When a shaman cures a sick person, he goes into a trance and veils his eyes with a black cloth to see the spirits. He sits on a bench and faces the altar. Then, he calls his teacher spirits to help cure the ill person (Lewis). Shamans differ in ability so when a shaman is unable to help the family, they will look for a more powerful one. VI. Hmong attitudes toward Western medicine As previously mentioned, Hmong believe in natural and spiritual healing. Most older, traditional Hmong are opposed to Western medicine and practices. Not only does it go against their beliefs, but they also fear that Western medicine may be too potent for Hmong bodies to handle. People of more recent generations, however, are becoming more and more accepting of Western medicine and surgery. Hmong are also using a combination of Western medicine and traditional techniques such as massage, acupuncture, and dermabrasion (Yau). Reading about Hmong culture has been extremely interesting. I was so surprised to find how spiritual they were. It saddened me to learn about the numerous times they were forced out of their homeland. It’s unfortunate that their people are so dispersed throughout the world, however, in a way it is neat that the Hmong culture is so prevalent in various cultures outside of China. Researching Hmong culture has been a big help in reading Anne Fadiman’s, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. Now, I have a much better sense of the Hmong way of life and can see a different perspective on their attitudes and beliefs. How to cite Hmong Culture, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Steven Spielberg Biography Essay Example For Students

Steven Spielberg Biography Essay Rob MartinelleAmerican Literature C BlockResearch Paper: Final Draft18 May, 1999Steven Spielberg: Revolutionary and VisionaryWho would have thought that a brilliant career in filmmaking could have originated with a modest jar of Skippy Peanut Butter smeared on a neighbors window in a tiny Cincinnati suburb? One might not think that such an average boyhood prank could evolve a boy into a man who would become the most financially successful film director in history. Well, that is exactly where Leah Spielberg, Steven Spielbergs mother, would trace her sons initial entry into becoming one of our nations most creative storytellers. ?His badness was so original,? she recalls (Stein 3). We will write a custom essay on Steven Spielberg Biography specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Steven Spielberg, the only child of Leah and Arnold Spielberg, was born on December 18, 1946 at the beginning of the Baby Boom years in Cincinnati, Ohio. It does not take a great stretch of the imagination to see that Stevens film influences were derived from his fathers experience as a World War II veteran and computer technician and his mothers past profession as a concert pianist. The love and amount of technology, history, and music within Stevens films can all be traced back to his early life with his family. While many men returning from war never want to reiterate their experiences, Stevens father seemed to be an exception. Steven said of his father, ? he intoxicated me with bedtime stories about the war. His stories were like the war movies I was watching on television, all worthy of cameo appearances by John Wayne? (Stein 1). It is no wonder that at the age of twelve Stevens first film, Fighter Squad, was filmed on a WWII fighter plane (Corliss 79). However, when Steven was unable to find certain props or realistic backdrops, he simulated dogfights and plane crashes by editing in footage from a WWII documentary. Only a year later, in 1960, he featured the war family Jeep in his second film, Escape to Nowhere, which was an action picture in which GIs invaded a Nazi hideout in the Libyan Desert. Since his family had moved to Arizona in 1960, the Arizona desert near his house would easily replicate the simulation of the Libyan Desert. It is clear that Stevens love and knowledge of visual effects began many years before his creation of a mechanical great white shark in 1975. There have been many incidents throughout Stevens childhood that have made it into his films. At the age of six, Stevens father awoke him to witness a meteor shower in the middle of the night (Stein 2). In time this event would also find its way into his 1977 film, Close Encounters of the Third Kind. The grin of a clown, a deadly tree outside a window, and being afraid at night, all out of 1982s Poltergeist, were all born out of Stevens real childhood phobias (5). Influence for films such as 1993s Academy Award winning drama/documentary Schindlers List could be attributed Steven growing up in a Jewish family. Steven has recalled that during his days in school he felt discriminated from others for being apart of the only Jewish family within the whole community (Graham 530). During the Christmas season, he would be embarrassed that his familys house would be the only one without lights or decorations. When his father offered to place a menorah in the window, Steven responded, ?No!?People will think were Jewish? (Graham 528). Steven has claimed to have learned his numbers as a toddler with the help of a concentration camp survivor who pointed out the numerals tattooed on his arm. However, it was at high school, where he was first exposed to anti-Semitic behavior. He would suffer verbal and sometimes physical abuse from other students. Making movies was definitely an escape for Steven who told the New York Post, ?I enjoy the sense of being transported and no longer thinking anyone is in the audience? (529). ?Nearly three years after finishing Escape to Nowhere, he made his first feature-length film Firelight. It was a two-and-a-half-hour science fiction epic about an investigation of mysterious lights in the sky. However, it was also a look at a rocky marriage. Could the couple within the film have been Arnold and Leah who divorced when Steven was nineteen? Although Steven disregarded it as a terrible film, it was a commercial success. After his family had hired a local movie theatre to screen it, it earned back its entire 500-dollar budget in one night.? (Stein 7) Throughout high school, Steven did not receive grades one might call ?Harvard quality.? Because of this, he was not accepted to any film schools. Therefore, he later enrolled in California State College where he majored in English. In his spare time, he studied films and spent a lot of time trying to get into the parking lots of motion picture studios in an attempt to get producers to look into his films. Unfortunately, the studios would not budge. It would not be until Sidney Sheinherg, head of television at Universal Studios, caught a glimpse of Stevens twenty-five minute road movie, Amblin. After seeing it, Sheinherg offered Steven a seven-year contract to direct television episodes. He would go on to direct episodes of Marcus Welby, M.D., Columbo, and The Name of the Game (Corliss 80). Eventually Universal assigned Steven to his first made-for-television film, Duel. Showing off his skills at editing and creating heart-stomping action sequences, the film was well receiv ed critically. Pauline Kael of the New Yorker writes, ?it is one of the most phenomenal debut films in the history of movies? (Graham 531) Many critics still consider it ?the best American television movie ever made? (529). Due to the films success overseas, Universal Studios handed Steven the adaptation of Peter Benchleys popular novel Jaws, a story of a great white shark terrorizing a seaside community. The film, starring Richard Dreyfuss and Roy Scheider, broke ground in many ways. Aside from eclipsing every box office record at the time, it broke ground in visual effects, constructing a mechanical, remote-controlled replica of a great white shark. Steven reflects back on 1975 during the shooting of Jaws, ?it was the loneliest time of my life. Jaws exacerbates the loneliness by the sheer size of the Atlantic Ocean and the challenge of shooting a complete motion picture on the water? (Corliss 78). Gary Arnold wrote of Jaws, ?There has never been an adventure-thriller quite as terr ifying yet enjoyable as Jaws, and it should set the standard in its field for many years to come? (Graham 529). And that it did. The film would set the standard in the thriller genre with films like John Carpenters 1978 slasher Halloween. Replace the seaside community with Haddenfield, Illinois and the shark with ?Michael Myers? and you have a prime example of the ?Jaws? influence. Not only influencing the genre, the film had a lasting affect on ordinary moviegoers alike. Betty Martinelle, your average film fan recalls at the time, ?although it probably didnt keep most people out of the water that summer, theres hardly a person around that didnt at least take a good glance at the water before going in? (Martinelle). Aside from establishing himself as Hollywoods director to watch out for, Jaws marked his first time collaborating with composer and former head of the Boston Pops, John Williams. He created the now famous two-note theme to the movie as well as doing the scores for everyo ne of Stevens films to come afterward. Grossing well over 200 million dollars, Jaws created the concept of the ?summer movie blockbuster.?Coming off the phenomenal success of Jaws, Steven went back to his passion for science fiction with 1977s Close Encounters of the Third Kind. The film, which Steven both wrote and directed, focuses on an alien-obsessed family man played by Richard Dreyfuss and his fascination with alien spaceships. ?Its a movie for people who like to use their imaginations,? he told Film Comment (Graham 530). Stanley Kaufman described the films finale as ?one of the most overpowering, sheerly cinematic experiences I can remember? (529). Having released his second box office smash in a row, Steven also earned his first Oscar nomination as well. Unfortunately, he would lose in what would be the beginning of an Oscar losing streak. This time period would also mark his meeting and collaboration with another director whom he met at a film festival, George Lucas. ?Steve n saw Lucas as both compadre and competition? (Empire 5). The two would develop a close friendship over the years that stands to this day and would collaborate on many projects. Steven would be the executive producer on Lucass 1977 mega-hit, Star Wars. The film would even gross more money than that of Spielbergs own Jaws. It was in 1981, however, that Lucas and Spielberg would collaborate on Raiders of the Lost Ark. Aside from making the lead character Indiana Jones, played by Harrison Ford, the biggest action hero in American cinema next to James Bond, the film was nothing short of non-stop entertainment and suspense. ?Raiders puts people in the same place that made me want to make movies as a child, which wanting to enthrall, entertain, take people out of their seats to get them involved in the kind of dialogue with the picture youve made. Theyre just a lot of fun to make? (Graham 530). Grossing around 300 million dollars and spawning two sequels, it earned Steven his second Oscar nomination for Best Director. While ?Raiders? gave him the reputation as the master of action sequences, it would not be until later on that he would be taken as a serious film director. Following ?Raiders,? Steven released what he calls his most personal film, E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial, in 1982. The film, starring a then young Henry Thomas and Drew Barrymore, told the story of an alien and his friendship with a young boy after being left behind by his spaceship. At the time, Steven revealed to the Harper Bazaar, ?the movie is about how I felt when my parents broke up? (Corliss 78). In the words of a USA Today columnist after E.T.s release, ?Steven is the first director since Alfred Hitchcock to become a household name? (Graham 530). In addition to earning Steven yet another Oscar nomination which he lost again, E.T. grossed nearly 400 million dollars beating fellow buddy Lucass blockbuster, Star Wars. .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 , .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .postImageUrl , .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 , .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07:hover , .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07:visited , .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07:active { border:0!important; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07:active , .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07 .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u4a9df5035357c123c2c0c7d43f486b07:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Liberal Arts and Business EssayBecause Steven was always interested in so many projects, he was never able to attend to all of those he wished. Thus, in 1984, he founded his own production company, Amblin Entertainment. The result would be a number of great films including Gremlins, The Back to the Future Trilogy, and Who Framed Roger Rabbit? Growing tired of creating action packed stereotypical Spielberg pictures, in 1985 Steven made his first attempt at serious filmmaking, The Color Purple. The story evolved around a woman, played by Whoopi Goldberg, who is oppressed by the men around her. The film, though received by most as deeply moving, received criticism for what so me called ?insensitivity to the realities of poverty, brutality, and black experience? (Graham 531). The film made Whoopi Goldberg into huge star and earned eleven Academy Award nominations. Ironically, Steven was snubbed for Best Director and the film failed to win one award in what would mark the beginning of the Academys reputation for disregarding films that deal with African-American culture. His first attempt at serious filmmaking would lead to 1987s Empire of the Sun, a film about a British boys experience within a Japanese concentration camp during World War II. Once again, his fathers influence showed up on screen. Empire of the Sun and The Color Purple would be among Stevens least commercially successful efforts. In an attempt to rebound off of 1991s box office flop, Hook, Steven released in the summer of 1993 what would become at the time the most successful film in the history of American cinema. When Jurassic Park was released, Steven made us believe that dinosaurs existed through the use of digital effects on computers. Astounding crowds with trademark Spielberg action, the films gross would not be toppled until the 1997 winter release of James Camerons historical epic Titanic. During the shoot of Jurassic Park, Steven began work on another project, Schindlers List, which would become his most critical success of his career. Schindlers List is the true story of Oskar Schindler who saved over one thousand Jews from certain death by employing them in his factory during World War II. One writer for Newsweek noted, ?this movie will shatter you, but it earns its tears honestly? (Corliss 81). The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards and won seven including Best Picture and finally after all the rejections, Steven won his first Oscar for Best Director. In 1997 when the American Film Institute announced the ?100 Greatest Films of All Time,? five of Stevens films were among them including Schindlers List which ranked at number nine. Following the production of the film, in 1994 Steven founded the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, which recorded oral histories of Holocaust survivors. He then followed that up with the Righteous Persons Foundation, which provided grants for Jewish groups and causes. After taking a three-year break from film making, Steven returned in 1997 with a not surprising follow-up to 1993s Jurassic Park entitled The Lost World. Despite the films commercial success, the film has been regarded as the worst work of Stevens career. Even Steven himself has noted that the film was made because he knew that it would be a huge blockbuster. Later that same year, he released the drama Amistad, the true story of African-American mens struggle for freedom aboard the slave ship ?La Amistad.? Even though the film was named as one of the best pictures of the year by critics throughout the country, the film failed to receive any Oscar recognition which some might attribute to the Academys reputation of, once again, disregarding films that deal with African-Americans and their culture. Most recently in 1998, Steven released the World War II drama Saving Private Ryan which single-handedly redefined the term ?movie violence.? Creating what some may call the most graphic and realistic war movie ever made, Steven made the film as a tribute to his father and dedicated it to him after receiving his second Oscar at the seventy-first Annual Academy Awards. People were taught that war is no laughing matter. Steven Spielbergs films have left us with so much to remember. From the horrors of Auschwitz to the image of a boy on a bicycle, sillouhetted against the moon, his films have sketched images in our minds we are unable to forget. Hi s influence upon mainstream Hollywood directing is more than evident. Whether it be making us reflect on past tragedies or teaching us that differences should be celebrated aside from being just recognized, his methods of storytelling have established him as more than just a wonderful film director, but as a great humanitarian. BibliographyWorks CitedCorliss, Richard. ?Peter Pan Grows Up, but Can He Still Fly Time Magazine. 19 May, 1997. 75-82. .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 , .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .postImageUrl , .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 , .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71:hover , .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71:visited , .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71:active { border:0!important; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71:active , .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71 .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0959c8213d6de752ecd0ab15bbdd7c71:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Myth Of Consumerism EssayDyer, Richard. ?At Work Again, he and John Williams Exalt in their Admiring of 24 Years.? Boston Globe 24 Feb. 1998: 4/13/99, Ruthe. ?Biography : Steven Spielberg.? Empire Mar. 1998: 4/13/99, Judith. Current Biography Yearbook 1996. New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1996. Gritten, David. ?When the Going Got Tough: Steven Spielbergs D-Day Drama ?Saving Private Ryan salutes the ?citizen soldier of WWII.? L.A. Times 10, May 1998: 4/13/99, Betty. Personal Interview. 11 Apr. 1999. Biographies

Friday, March 20, 2020

Free Essays on The Letter

, again, carry a simple and ... Free Essays on The Letter Free Essays on The Letter â€Å"The Letter† by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, speaks to the reader with emotion; passionately capturing one’s deep and in fatuous love for another. The poem written by a man about a woman, begins by describing her most beautiful features, and transcends to the question of whether or not she will marry him, if he were to ask her via letter. Although the poem is in simple matters, the idea of the poem, purely driven by the forces of affection creates abstraction to content, thus the poem becomes simplistically rich. Tennyson achieves this richness through the use of assonance- every other line creating a rhyme scheme, as the language remains intense and concentrated, and vivid are the pictures reflected from the wording. From four stanzas’ a pattern is created (A/B form) where every other line, the last word rhymes. The first stanza sings: â€Å"Where is another sweet as my sweet, Fine of the fine, and shy of the shy? Fine little hands, fine little feet- Dewy blue eye.† This use of assonance pleases the reader, because it carries a consistent beat much like the beat of a human heart. In turn, a natural or biological rhythm is produced, paced at the rate of a heart that is experiencing the â€Å"rush† of love expressed throughout the poem. As the poem strides on, a break occurs just after the eleventh line where the one-syllable- word â€Å"fly† replaces A/B form. This may give the impression that the heart has skipped a beat. He who writes the poem of this girl has felt something as he takes the reader along beats of experience. Not only does the use of assonance liven the poem, clearly, it also captures the mood in which the writer swings his thoughts. Indeed Tennyson concentrates and intensifies the poem through his use of language. Beginning in the first stanza, a detailed description, of the girl who captures the heart of a man, is written so tightly and concentrated, that the words, again, carry a simple and ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

The Early History of Flight

The Early History of Flight   Around 400 BC - Flight in China The Chinese’s discovery of a kite that could fly in the air started humans thinking about flying. Kites were used by the Chinese in religious ceremonies. They built many colorful kites for fun, also. More sophisticated kites were used to test weather conditions. Kites have been important to the invention of flight as they were the forerunner to balloons and gliders. Humans Try to Fly like Birds For many centuries, humans have tried to fly just like the birds and have studied the flight of winged creatures. Wings made of feathers or light weight wood have been attached to arms to test their ability to fly. The results were often disastrous as the muscles of the human arms are not like a birds and cannot move with the strength of a bird. Hero and the Aeolipile The ancient Greek engineer, Hero of Alexandria, worked with air pressure and steam to create sources of power. One experiment that he developed was the aeolipile, which used jets of steam to create rotary motion. To do this, Hero mounted a sphere on top of a water kettle. A fire below the kettle turned the water into steam, and the gas traveled through pipes to the sphere. Two L-shaped tubes on opposite sides of the sphere allowed the gas to escape, which gave a thrust to the sphere that caused it to rotate. The importance of the aeolipile is that it marks the start of engine created movement will later prove essential in the history of flight. 1485 Leonardo da Vinci’s Ornithopter and the Study of Flight. Leonardo da Vinci  made the first real studies of flight in the 1480s. He had over 100 drawings that illustrated his theories on bird and mechanical flight. The drawings illustrated the wings and tails of birds, ideas for man carrying machines and devices for the testing of wings. His Ornithopter flying machine was never actually created. It was a design that Leonardo da Vinci created to show how man could fly. The modern day helicopter is based on this concept. Leonardo da Vincis notebooks on flight were re-examined in the 19th century by aviation pioneers. 1783 - Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier and The Flight of the First Hot Air Balloon Two brothers,  Joseph Michel and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier, were inventors of the first hot air balloon. They used the smoke from a fire to blow hot air into a silk bag. The silk bag was attached to a basket. The hot air then rose and allowed the balloon to be lighter than air. In 1783, the first passengers in the colorful balloon were a sheep, rooster and duck. It climbed to a height of about 6,000 feet and traveled more than one mile. After this initial success, the brothers began to send men up in hot air balloons. The first manned hot air balloon flight was carried out on November 21, 1783 and the passengers were Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier and Francois Laurent. 1799-1850s - George Cayley’s Gliders Sir George Cayley is considered the father of aerodynamics. Cayley experimented with wing design, distinguished between lift and drag and formulated the concepts of vertical tail surfaces, steering rudders, rear elevators and air screws. He also designed many different versions of gliders that used the movements of the body for control. A young boy, whose name is not known, was the first to fly one of Cayleys gliders. It was the first glider capable of carrying a human. For over 50 years, George Cayley made improvements to his gliders. Cayley changed the shape of the wings so that the air would flow over the wings correctly. He also designed a tail for the gliders to help with the stability. He then tried a biplane design to add strength to the glider. Additionally, Cayley recognized that there would be a need for machine power if the flight was to be in the air for a long time.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

The First Crusade Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

The First Crusade - Research Paper Example Indeed Pope Urban’s religious apparel often tends to shroud the true aspects of the First Crusade and the fact that Pope Urban himself was up to his own cause is often ignored. Indeed historians have interpreted the event of the First Crusade differently. The lack of any unique primary document on Pope Urban’s (II) motive for the crusade has laid the event open to interpretation. These interpretations revolve mainly around three points: a. the 11th century reform movement, b. the Seldjuk or Muslim threat to the Eastern Roman Orthodoxy, c. affirmation of Papacy on entire European Christendom. But an astute analysis of the event will reveal that all of these three causes had their, more or less, equal shares of influence on the First Crusade. Seldjuk’s Threat in the East as a Primary Cause of First Crusade Though there is a common tendency among the historians to underrate the Seljuk threat to the Eastern Christendom considering it as a secondary cause of the First Crusade and to view it as a mere excuse to move eastward, the Seljuk attack on the Byzantine Empire was no less important as a psychological motivation than other causes. In a concrete sense, it might be a mere excuse in Pope Urban’s political and religious scheme, but it was a demonic cause to usurp the commoners’ sacrificial emotion for the war in its essence. In fact, First Crusade was the product of the reincarnated commoners’ passion for a holy war against the infidel and the unfaithful that were commonly considered to be the Seldjuk during the late 11th century. The extremity of medieval religiosity to achieve ablution for sins, restored faith of the commoners in church, superiority of the Popes and the church’s victory of the Emperor- all together functioned to boost up the common people’s zeal to fight for the Holy Land and eastern Christendom against the invading Seldjuk. Even if Islam and Christianity coexist on the east bank of the Medi terranean Sea for more than three hundred years before the 1000s, as Thomas Asbridge’s claims, the increasing Seldjuk attacks on the Byzantine Empire, the defeat in Manzikert in 1077, the conquest of religiously important cities like Antioch and Nicaea, Turkish invasion and conquest of Anatolia, etc were severe blows on the 11th century Christendom that made the Western church reformers feel the pressure on the East and eventually provoked the superior papacy to successfully characterize the invaders as the infidel and unfaithful who must be challenged. In an article, Paul Crawford describes the crisis as following: â€Å"In 1071 the Turks met and crushed the Byzantine army at the Battle of Manzikert, near Armenia. As a result the entire heartland of the Empire, in Asia Minor, lay open and defenseless† (Crawford 2). The atrocities of the Seldjuk are reflected in a â€Å"Letter of Alexius to Count Robert of Flanders†: The holy places they desecrate and destroy in numberless ways, and they threaten them with worse treatment†¦For almost the entire land from Jerusalem to Greece, and the whole of Greece with its upper regions†¦and now almost nothing remains except Constantinople. (Alexius) East-West Schism as one of the Causes of First Crusade Indeed for Pope Urban II there was no